Written by IEEE | November 15, 2018

At India Mobile Congress (IMC), the Government of India announced an ambitious commitment to install one million public Wi-Fi hotspots nationwide by December of next year, called Bharat Wi-Fi. This shift in the digital communication landscape stands to empower millions of people. So what exactly is involved in this type of effort, and what technologies will play a role?

As part of their announcement, the Ministry of Communications says Bharat Wi-Fi will be owned and operated by telecom service providers, internet service providers and virtual network operators. This means the networks will need to be interoperable, allowing consumers to access the hotspot of any partnering operator.

IEEE President and CEO Jim Jefferies spoke at IMC where the announcements were made, recognizing the significance of the event.  

To Jefferies, success within the challenging 13-month timeline depends on a number of key technologies: “Given the complexity of 5G technology, a successful implementation of this technology would require deep expertise ranging from semiconductor physics, massive MIMO, software-defined networks, shared spectrum access, wireless backhaul, security and applications to name a few.”

One of the examples of 5G complexity Jefferies mentions above, massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna systems, are a key part of plans to provide faster speeds to people in remote areas. Work in this area has been noted on The Institute: a distributed setup with hundreds of antennae connected by optical fibers can be used to boost the reliability of 5G connections. The resulting speeds can turn over-the-air 10 kb/s internet into a staggering 100 mb/s.

Another complexity he mentions, software-defined networking, can be transformative over long distances as well, since new features that improve the efficiency of the system can be delivered as software updates. Done right, these centrally-distributed fixes can mean faster progress fewer hardware expenses.

When it comes to 5G, “IEEE through its research and technical depth across its societies and through the IEEE Future Networks along with strong expertise in standards development through IEEE Standards Association will play a key role in driving this next generation technology globally,” Jefferies said at IMC.

This work, together with India-specific requirements, will help chart the future of Bharat Wi-Fi. IEEE is excited to play a role in this transformative project.

INTERACTIVE EXPERIENCES

Harnessing and Sustaining our Natural Resources

Exceptional Infrastructure Challenges, Technology and Humanity

The Global Impact of IEEE's 802 Standards

Scenes of our Cyber Lives: The Security Threats and Technology Solutions Protecting Us

How Millennial Parents are Embracing Health and Wellness Technologies for Their Generation Alpha Kids

Space Exploration, Technology and Our Lives

Global Innovation and the Environment

How Technology, Privacy and Security are Changing Each Other (And Us)

Find us in booth 31506, LVCC South Hall 3 and experience the Technology Moon Walk

Virtual and Mixed Reality

How Robots are Improving our Health

IEEE Experts and the Robots They are Teaching

See how millennial parents around the world see AI impacting the lives of their tech-infused offspring

Take the journey from farm to table and learn how IoT will help us reach the rising demand for food production

Watch technical experts discuss the latest cyber threats

Explore how researchers, teachers, explorers, healthcare and medical professionals use immersive technologies

Follow the timeline to see how Generation AI will be impacted by technology

Learn how your IoT data can be used by experiencing a day in a connected life

Listen to technical experts discuss the biggest security threats today

See how tech has influenced and evolved with the Games

Enter our virtual home to explore the IoT (Internet of Things) technologies

Explore an interactive map showcasing exciting innovations in robotics

Interactively explore A.I. in recent Hollywood movies

Get immersed in technologies that will improve patients' lives