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Implementation of a Low Cost Efficient Microcellular Renewable Energy System


Utilization of alternate energy resources is one of the new paradigms proposed in today's world to overcome the shortfall of conventional methods like nuclear, hydro and geothermal sources used in developing countries such as Pakistan. Using wind, solar power, wave power, tidal power and clean green energy has now become more popular. Harnessing wind energy, the country can produce up to 346,000 MW in the coastal areas; solar is an efficient option but has a major downfall in that it is quite costly to implement currently on a large scale. Incredible amount of energy can be produced from waves but again, strong, expensive equipment has to be installed. In this paper, we propose producing green energy from microcellular organisms known as algae as a highly effective alternate energy generating mechanism, with significantly fewer disadvantages compared to traditional renewable resources. We designed a system that produces energy from algae bio-fuel on a small scale using artificial illumination to enhance growth yield of the algae making the process significantly cost effective. On a large scale bio-reactors and a paddle wheel are currently in use, requiring additional area. Comparison with various oil producing crops such as palm, coconut, jatropha oil etc shows that only algae can produce from 5000-20,000 gallons of oil per acre in a year. Experimental results show that for three 250ml water bottles producing 56 moles of algae, and average power output of 50kW can obtained translating into a average yield of 89%. Total Cost $100

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